The travelogue, from artistic intentions to intermediality : creating a reporting diary using various intermedia

The travelogue, from  artistic intentions to intermediality : creating a reporting diary using various intermedia

« Le carnet de voyage, de l’artialité vers l’intermédialité », Revue Proteus, Cahiers des théories de l’art, n°1, « Le médium », janvier 2011, p. 27-35 (8 pages).

http://revue-proteus.com/Proteus01.pdf

The fluxion word  « Intermedia » [1] inherited from Dick Higgins introduced the issue of hybridity, central multimedia artistic practice since it is inseparable from the collage, the readymade and performance. Intermediality can ask the question of emerging media and the emergence of new forms of art or « intermedia art. » Designating the borrowing strategies of media and emerging art it would be the initial phase of a new art related to new media as it is in the « between » (the interface, the interactivity, interconnection, intersubjectivity, the interdiscipline the incorporeity) [2]. The travel [3] illustrate this collision or collusion between the arts as recalled Jürgen E. Müller is the origin of the concept of « intermediality » [4]. The travel was born in the Romantic era and is the result of an interaction between the aesthetic arts and media, the result of a history of interference and interaction between different media. It would be a kind and intermedia hybrid. Of the artistic work of painters travelers unreleased, the travel book has become a kind of album edited, a sub-genre of popular literature or paralittératures [5], called minor genres and simultaneously broadcast mass studied by Gabriel Thoveron, including albums, but also several common media. It tends now to become a kind of mass media media, see intermedia. Rick Altman defines intermediality as a transitory state where emerging media, become, remains a prisoner or time dependent media in place that is competing. [6] The travel media whose identity is uncertain, not yet stabilized and institutionalized would seem a relevant illustration of intermediality [7] defined by Thierry Lancien from a genealogy of media [8]. The writing on the screen, it seems generic mutate and change media [9]. In addition, the travelogue can be a « evolutionary creation » or « Work in Progress » that travel and movement develop: the path is perceived as an artistic performance, probably inherited from the Fluxus movement which wants to abolish the borders between the viewer and the work of art, between art and life flow and promotes the free exchange between the different artistic practices. It therefore tends to installation which promotes links between object space and architectural space for the 3-D work is a process in which the audience participates. In sum, it becomes an « environment » and a « Happening » or « performance » (the total work of art, dreamed by Vanguards [10]). The movement was established by designers designers pioneers who migrated to the comic « opera pictorial » of carnettistes who initiated decompartmentalisation art book travel to the artistic nomadism. Biennial Book Travel Clermont-Ferrand tends to become a multimedia and multi-arts festival to intermediality which illustrates the circulation such as « travel diary » from one medium to another, especially to hypermedia with vlogging on the web.

[1] Dick Higgins, Something Else Press Newsletter, New York, February, 1996, No. 1.

[2] See the study day « Aesthetic Intermedia: historical approaches, » June 10, 2006, at the Théâtre Paris Villette. Day co-hosted by Annie Gentes (ENST) and Isabelle Rieusset-Lemarie (MECSI, CHCSQ, UVSQ) in relation Guffet Patrick (Director of Theatre Paris-Villette).

Continuation of the article: « The question of intermediality in the works on the Internet: a legacy fluxien? » Carol-Ann Braun, Annie Gentes, Les Cahiers Louis Lumière, No. 3, « Territories audiovisual wandering, roaming and borders « , Fall, 2005.

[3] See the thesis in CIS: The travel: historical and semiotic approaches. Pascale Argod, under the direction of Professor M. Lancien. Université Michel de Montaigne – Bordeaux III, 10 December 2010. (790 corpus of 800 pages and titles).

[4] IRC Research Centre intermediality of the University of Montreal, Quebec. http://cri.histart.umontreal.ca/cri/fr/vitrine/default.asp

[5] Studied by Gabriel Thoveron: Two Centuries of paralittératures reading, sociology, history. Flight. 2, 1895-1995. Gabriel Thoveron. Liège: Ed’s CEFAL, 2008. (Library paralittératures)

[6] intermediality to media: film, media, the advent of sound. Rick Altman. Cinemas Film Studies Journal, Vol 10, No. 1, Fall 1999.

Pascale Argod

Enseignante PRCE à l'université de Bordeaux (INSPE d'Aquitaine) et chercheuse au sein de l'équipe du MICA (2246 - Médiation, information, communication, art ) de l'université de Bordeaux Montaigne, requalifiée en SIC (2010 - 2018 par le Conseil national des universités), Docteur en sciences de l'information et de la communication.

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The audiovisual or cinematographic travelogue : use of multiple média (intermedia) support for reporting

The audiovisual or cinematographic travelogue : use of multiple média (Intermedia) support for reporting

« The travel audio-visual or cinematic genre intermedial, search and dissemination of travel » authentic « , Journal Téoros Journal of Tourism Research, University of Quebec at Montreal, UQAM, August 2011 issue on » The film – tourism « directed by Alain Grenier, p. 117-125 (9 pages) http://teoros.revues.org/1184

Proceedings of the living testimony of the traveler, the travel book would decline also be in various forms audio-visual: the emergence of graphic arts work in film, television series of travelogues, the creation of a documentary journey or quest ethnographic reportage naturalist expeditions referred to « scientific. » With his eyes sensitive to the world and travel, book travel queries the real ambivalence between creative documentary and fiction. Filmed autobiography of a journey original, the travelogue film is borrowing the legacy of ethnographic cinema of Jean Rouch and transgression of boundaries between documentary and fiction. It is a creative documentary on the theme of a journey in search of anthropology or ethnography of travel or fiction in the style of « Road movies » in search of the wandering and self. This medium could it promote « authentic tourism »? Through a corpus of forty example, we will try to develop aspects of the « Diary » and then define this hybrid genre film as a tourism-oriented travel authentic.

Diaries and cinematographic works on the trip (which I mentioned in the article)

Gedeon Programmes (2007) Collection Diaries: exploration adventure, collection of eight DVD documentaries, Paris: Gedeon Programmes, Arte EEIG

Arthus-Bertrand, Yann Goodplant Asociation (2009). 6 Billion Others project by Yann Arthus-Bertrand and Goodplanet Association. performed by Sibylle Orgeval and Baprsite Rouget-Luchaire. 6 billion Others-Gooplanet, Video Editing France Télévisions Distribution, Gooplanet, CNC.

BERGERET Jean-Claude (1957). KRIER Jacques. Discovering French, ORTF.

Yves BOURGEOIS (2000). Missing, the mystery of Vanikoro the footsteps of Lapérouse. ATOM co-France 3

Yves BOURGEOIS (1997). Scent of adventure. ATOM, France 3, Thalassa,

BRINGUIER Jean-Claude, Hubert Knapp (1973-1979). The last farmers and hype. INA, 2 DVD, color, 165 min.

BRINGUIER Jean-Claude. KNAPP Huber, Peter Sabbach (1957-1962). Sketches. The provincial

CLOT Christian (2005). Ultima Cordillera, in the heart of the storm. Ultimaterra MC4-Production, France 5 TSR.

CLOT Christian (2005). Ultima Cordillera, the origins of the world. Ultimaterra MC4-Production, France 5, TSR, 52 minutes

COUSIN Christophe. Roads mythical Escapes beautiful thirteen episodes. France 5. 13 x 52 mn

Maximy Antoine (2004-2007). I’ll sleep with you. Issued by France 5. Paris: Bonne Pioche, Travel, 13 X 52 x 52 min and 10 min

DEPARDON Raymond (2000, 2001). Profiles Farmers: Chapter 1 The approach and Palmeraie Desert, Canal +, 90 mins

DEPARDON Raymond (2004, 2005). Profiles Farmers: Chapter 2 daily and Palmeraie desert Canal +, 85 mins

DEPARDON Raymond (2008). Modern life, Un Certain Regard, co Arte, 1:30

Bastien Dubois (2008). Book trip to Madagascar, Editions Reflections Elsewhere, DVD, 2011. http://www.bastiendubois.com/mada/

Robert FLAHERTY (1922). Nanook the Eskimo, USA: Revillon Frères

FRANCESCHI Patrice (2006). The Boudeuse around the world. Flight Productions. Aired France 5.

Bernard Giraudeau (1992). The travel Bernard Giraudeau Editions Montparnasse 2005. (DVD: the trilogy of films broadcast on Canal Plus)

HOPPER Denis, Peter Fonda (1968). Easy Rider. Columbia Pictures, Raybert Productions, Pando Company, William L. Hayward, Bert Schneider, Paul Lewis, 94 mins

Henri-François Imbert (1996). On the beach.

Henri-Francois Imbert (1999). Doulaye – rainy season. Free Courses (Paris), 80 min.

Robert Kramer (1989). Route One USA. RAI Tre, Channel Four (London), La Sept Cinéma, Les Films d’Ici (Paris) 248 minutes

Patrice Leconte (2004). Dogora: open your eyes. TF1 Video Epithète Films (Boulogne-Billancourt) Zulu Films, 80 min

Bernard-Henri Levy (text) (2007), Gilles Herzog, HABIC Alexander (screenplay), NETCHAK Michko (realization), (2006). American Vertigo, The Encounters Film, France 2 Cinéma, Company Z (Brussels), 95 min

Louis Malle (1968), India phantom reflections on a trip, Etienne Becker, Jean-Claude Laureux, Elliott Kastner, NEF – Editions New Films (Paris). 7 x 52 min (DVD repr Development Arte France, 2005)

Louis Malle (1968). Calcutta, Etienne Becker, Jean-Claude Laureux, Elliott Kastner, NEF – Editions New Films (Paris), 105 min (DVD repr Development Arte France, 2005)

Chris Marker (1982-1983). Without the sun, Anatole Dauman, Argos Films.

Chris MAKER. Sunday in Beijing (1956), Argos Films, Movies Pavox, 22 min

Chris MAKER. Letters of Siberia (1958), Anatole Dauman, Argos Films, Procinex, 67 minutes

Chris MAKER. If Cuba (1961). Pierre Braunberger, Les Films de la Pléiade (Paris) 57 min

Maximy From Antoine (2007-2008). I’ll sleep in Hollywood, Bonne Pioche production with the participation of France 5, Canal + and Cinémage 2, Buena Vista Home entertainement 1H 40 DVD

Frédéric Mitterrand (1982). Love letters in Somalia. Les Films du Losange, 1H 35

Roberto Rossellini (1959). I had a great trip, O.R.T.F. – Office of Radio and Television French, 239 min

Roberto Rossellini (1959). India, Jean Bhownhagari Aniene Film (Roma), SFS Edition, DVD 90 min.

Rouch Jean Rouch. Masters fools (1956). Les Films de la Pléiade Fund, Jean Rouch, 28 min

SABBACH Pierre (1961). The magazine explorers,

ROOMS Walter (2004 – 2005). Che Guevara: travelogues (The Motorcycle Diaries), FilmFour Limited, video editing Diaphana, 2005. 2H 06

Tim Mackintosh Smith (2006). In the footsteps of Ibn Battuta: a passion for travel (Journey of Ibn Battuta). BBC.1H.

TELMON Priscilla (2005). The direction of travel. directed by Henri de Gerlache & Augustin Viatte Gideon Programs, France5, 3×52 min

TELMON Priscilla (2005). A Peter Travers of Luc-Henri Fage, Digital Video, France5, 52 min.

TELMON Priscilla (2005-2006). Thierry Robert. Tibet travel ban. directed by Henri de Gerlache, Frederic Febvre … Bonne Pioche, France3, Travel, RTBF … 60 min and 75 min.

Priscilla TELMON (2001). The Ride of the steppes with Sylvain Tesson, Addis productions, 52 min.

Nicolas Vanier (2004). The last trapper. Jean-Pierre Bailly (MC4), TF1, MC4 PRODUCTION, 1H 34.

Dziga Vertov (1928-1929). The man with the camera (Celovek Kinoapparatom) VUFKU, 70 min.

WENDERS Wim (1984). Paris-Texas, Road Movies Filmproduktion (Berlin) Argos Films, WDR – Westdeutscher Rundfunk (Cologne), Channel Four (London), 150 min

WIEDER Alain, Jean-Claude GUIDECELLI, DESPORTES Luc (2006). Adventurer. Paris: France 5, La Compagnie des Taxi-Brousse, Lobster Films, 6 x 52 minutes

Pascale Argod

Enseignante PRCE à l'université de Bordeaux (INSPE d'Aquitaine) et chercheuse au sein de l'équipe du MICA (2246 - Médiation, information, communication, art ) de l'université de Bordeaux Montaigne, requalifiée en SIC (2010 - 2018 par le Conseil national des universités), Docteur en sciences de l'information et de la communication.

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Cultural and visuel Subject of « Cultural Studies » : the genre in various media and artistic circulation

Subject of « Cultural Studies »: The genre in various media and artistic circulation

The travelogue provokes many questions that have become more complex over its history since its status has evolved in several ways: the service support of the painter to the artwork, the tool for the illustration , diffusion and extension of knowledge on the other hand, then the original cultural product published recently in the book to the digital medium and to the performance arts (one turns to the information and other towards the arts and creation). Cultural object paralittératures and « Cultural Studies » at the intersection of graphic arts and anthropology, the history of pictorial art to better define the genre as a minor art, editorial and media related to the development of watercolor and travel training and the craze for tourism, exotic illustration and comics reportage, and recently, interest in the blog and audio-visual reportage. The ambivalence between art and documentary supports the difficulty to define the genre in the world of flow, circulation and mixing media, even « media confusion. »

The thesis is an attempt to define the genre « travel diary » album as a cross hybrid of documentary and book artist from an edition of the panorama (800 corpus securities) and research historical borrowings, crossings and interactions in the arts and sciences which are at the origin of mixing genres. The objectives of the research are essentially characterize the travelogue and propose typologies of research in book art book or tour guide. Interbreeding between reportage and artistic graphics, vision and exotic ethnography, it undergoes hybridization, a circulation of artistic and intermediality, semiological issues of contemporary travel book that seem conducive to communicative and educational development around the notion of intercultural mediation of otherness (pragmatic).

The thesis is therefore built according to a chronology into three parts, the genesis of the genre in its creation and editing its current versions, with examples of studies intended to identify the gender, but to circumscribe the limits also margins that define the hybridization process of the album. The history of pictorial art to better define the genre as a minor art, editorial and media related to the development of watercolor and travel training and the craze for tourism, exotic illustration and comics reportage and recent interest in the blog and audio-visual reportage. Historical research proved fruitful avenues to explore in graphic art at the service of science, modeled on the journal or book naturalist, and the mutation of travel book, intimate and personal the artist, to the status of a work of art.

From the main axis of the album and then the still image graphic art, defined as sketch or illustration, different notions are discussed in order to qualify for the dialectical image « graphic story » or drawn on the spot by two aspects of documentary objectivity and subjectivity of the artist’s book. Various opposing concepts were indeed discussed that seem to highlight the central concept of objectivity and subjectivity worldview: ethnography and the exotic, authentic and picturesque, reportage and artistic rendering graphic arts, documentary and book artist, turned to the other testimony and autobiography facing me.

Thought was given, on the one hand rendering iconographic-fragment, loan, instant, rough, unfinished, photomontage, drawing sketched, sketches, … and on the other hand, the message, and also ‘Other picturesque, exotic, authentic, reportage, documentary, ethnographic, educational, mythical, stereotypical … – and the artistic work in its entirety, which opens on three concepts:

– Work aesthetic and sensory perception, meaning, artistic vision, graphics rendering, emotions …

– Work mosaic juxtaposition, combination, superposition, collage, collage art, cut-up;

– Implement the hybrid fusion or mixture of arts, movement practices, circulation forms, deconstruction-reconstruction-deconstruction, transfer …

Mosaic art work and mestizos, the travelogue would report « graphic story » (or drawn), from paper to digital or media type « book » to the website, a mixture of genres, from sticking images, the blending of art and the meeting of two cultures, fields of study of semiotics. The search for a typology of such editorial reveals limits and generic characteristics since it is unclear from a hybridization, an artistic movement (artialité) and media (intermedia). The contemporary definition of travel diary is indeed complex because it highlights two notions of « intermediality » transpose traffic and media-and « intercultural » input-cultural, cultural hybridity, transcultural mediation-that make an object Communication attractive, particularly for training and education. Vision intercultural encounter between two cultures, that of the traveler and the object (native), complicates the definition of travel diary which oscillates between artistic look, exotic ethnography and extension elsewhere. Anthropological factors are polymorphic visions on the trip, they are three registers: the confrontation of imagination and myth to reality, the style of travel and portrait carnettiste traveler. Worldview and intercultural unfolds the exotic ethnography, according to the definitions of these two concepts. On the interpretation of travelogues and their images, it relates to the semiotics of the image that offers multiple avenues of research.

Pascale Argod

Enseignante PRCE à l'université de Bordeaux (INSPE d'Aquitaine) et chercheuse au sein de l'équipe du MICA (2246 - Médiation, information, communication, art ) de l'université de Bordeaux Montaigne, requalifiée en SIC (2010 - 2018 par le Conseil national des universités), Docteur en sciences de l'information et de la communication.

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